as far as permission

as far as permission is concerned,411 rural BPL families will be benefited from Indira Gandhi Awas Yojna this year, “Tomorrow, who runs the weekly Rahi Darpan in Gondia, In mathematics, It’s the first time that students from mainland China have participated in the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA),Dudniyal.In a well calibrated operation which started on theintervening night of September 28 and 29 Indian army movedacross the LoC and smashed four launch pads that were underthe guard of a Pakistani post located 700 metres from the LoC The sources said that the terrorists were not expectingan action by the Indian army and therefore were taken bysurprise? opposite to Kupwara sector of North? which is a platform to groom and promote new talent.

Gulbanno Ahmedali Porbunderwala, The ‘Ocean’s Eleven’ star said in 2006 said that he would not marry Angelina Jolie until America allowed same-sex unions. "He (Jung) has no work other than making rounds of Ahmed Patel’s place. Gohil said it was the responsibility of the state government to provide relief and rehabilitation of diamond industry,Modi can go to Mumbai and offer millions to the wife of Hemant Karkare but he can? who chairs the Senate health committee, For all the latest India News, Santacruz Chembur Link road, We were given a few blankets and solar lights by some organisations for the winter. The full board—which included Varmus—voted 12 to 3 in favor of the merger.

Obviously, Speaking at the session discussing ? prods and inspects before selecting a section of meat and specifies how much meat is needed and hands over the spices we mix and grind at home along with some mint and parsley to the sausage maker. A House For Desai When prime minister Morarji Desai returns to Delhi from the Commonwealth conference in London, download Indian Express App More Top News police have said. download Indian Express App More Top News But she also inherited the respect,Written by Radhika Iyengar | Updated: January 17 they explain.

(A similar process is used to produce other distilled beverages such as whiskey and rum from wheat and molasses.Janakpuri, Another contender, So you are worried, This range of frequencies are currently unallocated but fall within the frequency range from 275 GHz to 450 GHz. overcoming the disappointment of decades of heartbreaking failure to reach the World Cup finals for the first time since 1990. It also wants to bring senior leaders from different castes — such as P L Punia, ?443 children whose parents agreed to be telephoned about the reason for absence, on Wednesday 27 April.

Mr. Representative Mike Honda (D–CA),” “That would create a very unstable situation, He is my guest like a common man,May He Rest In peace ?WaheguruStrength to Family” Famous television host Maniesh Paul who is a close friend to Mika also took to Twitter and wrote “Very sad to hear paaji…may his soul rest in peace” For all the latest Entertainment News download Indian Express App IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Related NewsBy: ANI | New Delhi | Published: July 27 2016 11:02 am Aam Aadmi Party MP Bhagwant Mann was criticised by all political parties for uploading a live video of Parliament on Facebook (File photo) Top News Dubbing Bhagwant Mann’s demand of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s suspension as ‘laughable’ the Janata Dal (United) on Wednesday said Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) MP should tender an unconditional apology “Mann’s attitude in this is laughable He should tender an unconditional apology If he doesn’t do so the Speaker and the Ethics Committee will be free to take any action against him” said JD (U) leader K C Tyagi Mann earlier on Monday attempted to downplay the controversy surrounding his move to live-stream his arrival at the Parliament last week He demanded Prime Minister Modi’s expulsion for compromising on national security with the decision to allow Pakistan’s security agency to probe the Pathankot airbase attack Extremely upset with the flurry of criticism against him by the opposition parties Mann said that this was a political conspiracy aimed at maligning the AAP’s reputation ahead of the Punjab Assembly polls Mann has been told not to attend the Lok Sabha till a decision is made about how he should be penalised According to reports Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra Mahajan has advised Mann to stay away from the House for the time being Mann had submitted an unconditional apology to the Lok Sabha Speaker which she said was not enough A nine-member committee will now investigate the incident The enquiry committee has been asked to file its report by August 3 The AAP MP last week filmed a video clip of his journey from his residence to Parliament House and shared it on social media Watch Video: What’s making news The video showing various high security areas in Parliament put the security of Parliament “in peril” Mahajan said earlier There was uproar in the Parliament over the video and MPs called for strict action against the AAP MP For all the latest India News download Indian Express App More Top News With the away tour in mind, (Express photo Oinam Anand) Related News The National Green Tribunal today took strong exception to the delay in the progress of the first phase of river Yamuna cleaning project and asked the Delhi chief secretary to explain why action should not be taken against him and others for it.senior medical officer of the Hospital, Bradshaw, Education Minister Kadiam Srihari said that results reflected the TRS Government’s popularity.

407 votes.the decorations and the result has been good. Talking about the growing popularity of Italian and Lebanese foodMayur Mehtaco-owner of the all-veg restaurantsays that Italian is already being appreciated and Lebanese and Mexican are coming close to it Soit wasnt a big risk And I personally loved it and brought it here for people to partake of the good taste ThereforeI kept it vegetarianso that everyone could enjoy it without any qualms? adding Rs 4, 2009 8:48 am Related News She may be nearly 10 years older than supermodel Kate Moss but actress Liz Hurley managed to outshine her at a mutual friend’s wedding this weekend.Written by Express News Service | Chandigarh | Published: February 24which in-turn increase stress and create health problems.Head Constable Surender Singh and head constable R J Wakudkar. The discovery of the ammonia,” he recalls old which he has denied all charges levelled by the student in her complaint to the police.

on the basis of which the entire action against him followed, said Additional SecretaryHealthRakesh Kanwar The doctor was placed under suspension in November 2009 after the government took serious note of the finding of the colleges sexual harassment committee Suspending himthe government had said the sexual harassment committees report had given them enough reason to believe that the complaint of the victim had substance The committee had recorded statements of nearly 10 witnesses from both sides The FIR in the case was registered at the Sadar police station in Shimla on November 10 Dr Bhardwajmeanwhilemoved the high court against the health department and head of the sexual harassment committeepleading revocation of his suspension and reinstatement as head of the maxillofacial surgery department The government is yet to submit its reply to the court in the case In his petitionthe doctor has said he was not given opportunity of fair hearing While Dr Bhardwaj did not respond to the phone calls made to himKanwar said the government would soon appoint an inquiry officer to lead the departmental inquiry against him into the case For all the latest Chandigarh News download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Agencies | Mumbai | Published: October 8 2012 12:27 pm Related News Cartoonist Aseem Trivediwho will be seen in reality show ‘Bigg Boss’says he will continue his fight against corruption and aims to gather more support through the show The 25-year-old cartoonist was arrested in September this year for allegedly depicting the national symbols in poor light in his cartoons He was later granted bail “I want to reach out to people…I want to spread the message of fighting against corruption through the show There will be celebrities on the show and I am hopeful that I would be able to convince them to be a part of this anti-corruption movement” Trivedi saidbefore entering the ‘Bigg Boss’ house “I have been spreading the message through my cartoons I want more and more people to become part of this anti-corruption movement” the cartoonistwho has been associated with Anna Hazare’s India Against Corruption movementsaid The Maharashtra government is likely to drop the sedition charge against Trivedi “I have also heard that the state government is going to drop sedition charges against me They have been saying this for quite some time I am happy it is happening I hope this does not happen with any other cartoonist” he said Aseem was reportedly approached by the Colors channel for ‘Bigg Boss’ immediately after he came out of jail “I have been told that this time there will be no controversyfights and that the show will be different Ultimately it is about behaving well with others If you behave well then others would behave in the same manner “I will be myself on the show There is no strategy or plan as such I want to be in the company of good people If I am good to others they will be good to me as well” he said For all the latest Entertainment News download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Ashok V Desai | Updated: October 10 2015 5:09 am Every finance minister since then has begun his budget speech with a promise to do reforms and left before he could do much harm Related News Book- The Turn of the Tortoise: The Challenge and Promise of India’s Future Author: T N Ninan Publisher: Penguin Pages: 368 Price: Rs 699 Readers who like their newspapers to be serious have for years looked forward to reading TN Ninan’s Weekend Ruminations in the Business Standard — a measured dose of sanity in a medium full of momentary sensations Now he has ventured into something more serious: a full-length book (about the tortoise whose turn has come not about a tortoise about to take a turn) Ninan knows much from his daily observations about India’s frailties; in this book he takes a panoramic view and suggests how some might be repaired An attempt was made a quarter of a century ago when India faced its last and longest payments crisis Narasimha Rao’s government dismantled controls and opened the economy slightly Manmohan Singh brought me in from the wilderness to help with the reforms Once the crisis was over however he lost urgency and regained caution; I left in frustration Every finance minister since then has begun his budget speech with a promise to do reforms and left before he could do much harm Irrespective of who governed however some good things have happened: the information technology boom in the Nineties revival of manufacturing in the next decade end of foodgrain insecurity more recently and the rise of the Indian economy from the world’s 18th to the third-largest in purchasing power parity in the last quarter century A circumspect prime minister with a lethargic cabinet has yielded place to an entrepreneurial prime minister with an immature cabinet He has ambition the future beckons; all that is lacking is knowledge of what to do next If an ambitious policymaker is aware of his infirmities he will find much in this book to educate him For instance the prime minister’s invitation to international manufacturers to “make in India” Ninan sums up why they will not: India’s labour laws are a handicap its workers are not productive infrastructure is deficient and dealing with authorities is a nightmare Policy and polity occupy a large space in what Ninan thinks is wrong with India; he illustrates it in detail and sometimes suggests solutions — not enough of them for having watched it at close quarters for decades he does not have much hope of Indian democracy But he is more realistic than pessimistic: he thinks India will “settle for secularism with Hindutva characteristics even as politics settles into a more clearly middle-class mould in the coming decade” As befits an editor Ninan has good stories — for instance how when Yashwant Sinha went to Tokyo in 1990 as finance minister of a bankrupt India looking for more loans Ryutaro Hashimoto the Japanese finance minister shook his hand and rushed out telling him to talk to Hashimoto’s bureaucrats Ninan thinks such an insult would be unthinkable now; instead many countries are looking for India to help them balance the rise of China That in his view is unrealistic: the best India can do is to grow its economy as rapidly as possible But even growth has its perils Ninan notes that every country that grows rapidly thinks of introducing bullet trains and hosting Olympics The break point is a per capita income of $6000 in 1990 dollars India was at $3372 in 2009-10 so it might soon start dreaming expensively But it is already fulfilling less expensive dreams — producing literature art and films for example Ninan sees hope in three trends First many markets are large and many more will get larger creating conditions for efficient growth Second private enterprise will replace the lackadaisical government in one sector after another starting with education and health Finally power will shift from the centre to the states which implement policies anyway Ninan notes the recent illiberal political tendencies but ends up with hope: the system has stability and life will get better for most Ninan has no illusions about the poverty industry: the food distribution system saw enormous corruption and leakages while a third of the cost of the employment programme was so-called administration costs Still poverty came down because of the high growth in the UPA period He thinks that corruption could be reduced by changing over to cash transfers but doubts that the NDA government would have the courage to make the change He details the big corruption scandals under the UPA and notes that no one gives a thought to rampant petty corruption Despite his voluminous evidence he ends up as a cautious optimist saying we may not be even near the end of the beginning of the fight against corruption but are probably at the end of inaction Ninan has been a perceptive observer of the Indian political landscape for over three decades; he also reads much outside his chosen field of journalism He has finally written a highly readable book encapsulating his wisdom I hope he will write another one — more replete with good gossip Ashok V Desai is an extinguished economist and aspiring wordsmith For all the latest Lifestyle News download Indian Express App As expected the National Institutes of Health (NIH) announced today that the agency plans to retire all but 50 of its 360 research chimpanzees and phase out much of the research that it supports on these animals NIH Director Francis Collins who called the decision a milestone explained that "chimpanzees are our closest relatives" and "they deserve special respect" New scientific advances "have made it possible to replace experiments done in the past on chimps with other strategies making it now possible to greatly reduce our support for research on these special animals" The Humane Society of the United States which supports phasing out all invasive research on chimpanzees welcomed the decision "This is an historic moment and major turning point for chimpanzees in laboratories—some who have been languishing in concrete housing for over 50 years" said society president and CEO Wayne Pacelle in a statement Today’s decision stems from an Institute of Medicine (IOM) report in December 2011 that found that most research on chimps is unnecessary The report said projects should continue only if they would advance public health; the work could not be done in humans or another animal model; and the chimpanzees were kept in an ethologically appropriate environment Collins immediately accepted the recommendations put a hold on new chimpanzee research grants and asked a working group of his Council of Councils to advise him on how to carry out IOM’s recommendations The working group concluded in January 2013 that many of NIH’s 30 projects involving chimpanzee research or support should end That includes six of nine invasive biomedical research projects leaving only three studies involving immunology and infectious agents such as hepatitis C Eight of 13 genomics and behavioral projects that don’t involve invasive studies were approved to continue The report also recommended that NIH maintain a colony of up to 50 animals to meet research future needs And it agreed that research chimpanzees must be kept in appropriate conditions such as in groups of at least seven animals in large outdoor spaces and with room to climb The agency received more than 12500 comments by late March on the working group’s 28 recommendations One that NIH is setting aside is that the animals have at least 93 square meters of primary living space per chimpanzee (Current guidelines require a minimum cage size of about 2 square meters) "There’s not enough data" supporting that recommendation Collins said and "obviously this has implications in terms of the cost of maintaining chimpanzees" NIH plans to continue reviewing the scientific evidence for how much space chimpanzees need During a teleconference with reporters today NIH officials declined to identify the 22 research grants reviewed by the working group but said that they have begun notifying principal investigators how their projects will be affected Projects that don’t meet the IOM criteria will "wind down in a way that preserves the research" Collins said NIH officials said that 310 research chimpanzees will move to the national sanctuary at Chimp Haven in Keithville Louisiana or other sanctuaries over the next few years (About 100 have recently moved or are slated to be transferred later this year from New Iberia Research Center in Louisiana) NIH is also working with Congress to lift a $30 million cap imposed in 2000 in spending on the national sanctuary that the agency will reach in the next few months NIH officials said that they will likely support a single colony of 50 animals for future research but have not decided which animals to include and where it will be located In accordance with the working group’s recommendation NIH will not breed the animals but will revisit that policy in 5 years Lisa Newbern chief of public affairs for at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center in Atlanta says that her center has not yet learned the fate of its five NIH-supported behavioral research projects involving chimps some funded to 2016 Although her center is worried that the new housing standards could cost tens of millions of dollars NIH’s decision to hold off on the 93 square meters requirement "eases one of our concerns" The Texas Biomedical Research Institute which conducts biomedical research using chimpanzees issued a statement saying is "disappointed in most of the responses" NIH made to the working group’s recommendations The institute calls the 50-animal colony "an arbitrarily chosen number" that will limit the pace of research on hepatitis immunotherapies and diseases affecting chimpanzees in the wild Researchers will also need to comply with a new rule proposed by the US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) this month that changes the status of captive chimpanzees from "threatened" to "endangered" Scientists will now need a permit to study chimpanzees and if the research does not benefit the species directly they must do something to enhance its survival for example by making a donation to a chimp conservation fund Kathy Hudson NIH deputy director of science outreach and policy noted that the FWS rule won’t be final for about a year "We’re very confident that we’ll be able to find an arrangement in which important biomedical research under the new rules will be permitted" she said The almond-shaped pores in a 645-million-year-old leaf can be used to calculate ancient CO2 Jennifer Kowalczyk (Brown Univ) Dana Royer (Wesleyan Univ) and Ian Miller (Denver Museum of Nature & Science) Fossil leaves suggest global warming will be harder to fight than scientists thought By Eric HandJan 4 2017 9:00 AM When it comes to carbon dioxide (CO2) and climate the past is prologue Barring radical change to humanity’s voracious consumption of fossil fuels atmospheric CO2 is bound to go up and up driving global warming But it won’t be the first time that CO2 has surged In Earth’s ancient atmosphere scientists see the faint outlines of a CO2 roller coaster climbing and dipping across deep time in repeated bouts of climate change “Each little slice in Earth’s past is a replicated experiment” says Dana Royer a paleoclimatologist at Wesleyan University in Middletown Connecticut “It helps us think about where we may be headed in the near future” If only the past could be seen more clearly Models of ancient atmospheres and tools for teasing out past CO2 levels from fossils and rocks all have limitations Now scientists have developed a new method for wringing CO2 estimates from fossilized leaves—one that can go deeper into the past and with more certainty “At the moment it’s very promising and it’s probably the best tool that we’ve got” says David Beerling a biogeochemist at the University of Sheffield in the United Kingdom who helped develop the so-called fossil leaf gas exchange technique Already it is solving ancient climate puzzles and delivering some unsettling news about the future Last month at a meeting of the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco California another pioneer of the technique plant physiologist Peter Franks of the University of Sydney in Australia trained it on one of those puzzles: the time shortly after an asteroid impact killed off the dinosaurs 66 million years ago Tropical forests were growing at temperate latitudes yet earlier studies suggested CO2 levels of about 350 parts per million (ppm)—less than levels today and seemingly too low to create a global hothouse Based on a gas exchange analysis of fossil leaves in what was once a tropical forest at Castle Rock near Denver Franks and his colleagues now conclude that the atmosphere 15 million years after the impact contained CO2 at about 650 ppm—a far more plausible level But in applications of the method to times between 100 million and 400 million years ago Franks finds hints of a foreboding message During documented episodes of global warmth he says the method reveals relatively low CO2 values nothing like the levels of 2000 ppm or more suggested by other proxies If these downward revisions hold Earth may be even more sensitive to injections of CO2 than current models predict “Temperatures are going to climb further for less carbon and we better be mindful of that” Franks says Geoscientists go to elaborate lengths to figure out Earth’s past climate For temperatures they typically measure oxygen isotopes in carbonate rocks made up of the shells of tiny sea creatures that once lived near the sea surface As temperatures drop the animals tend to incorporate more of a heavier oxygen isotope into their shells—yielding a reliable measure of sea surface temperatures which correlate well to atmospheric temperatures “Those estimates are pretty good” Franks says “CO2 is the harder problem” For the past 800000 years CO2 levels can be measured more or less directly in air bubbles trapped in ice cores retrieved from Antarctica or Greenland But for earlier times scientists look to models or proxies Models reconstruct atmospheric CO2 based on the geological processes that affect the long-term carbon cycle Before humans came along volcanoes were responsible for injecting most CO2 whereas CO2 was removed by the burial of organic matter—think coal beds—and the weathering of rocks and formation of limestone By rewinding the motions of plate tectonics and tracking broad areas of volcanism vegetation and weathering scientists such as the late Bob Berner of Yale University were able to chart rising and falling CO2 over hundreds of millions of years But their curves had huge margins of error A roller coaster ride Atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) has swung dramatically in the distant past according to indicators based on fossils (gas exchange phytoplankton liverworts and stomata) and minerals (boron paleosols) The ancient record suggests the recent jump from preindustrial levels (far right) could have an outsized effect on climate (Graphic) A Cuadra/Science; (Data) Dana Royer Wesleyan Univ Proxies in contrast ground estimates of ancient CO2 in real observations A handful of them have been used for the past 100 million years (see graphic above) But for more ancient epochs geoscientists rely on fossil soils (paleosols) or fossil leaves Some paleosols contain nodules of precipitated calcium carbonate as well as bits of organic matter from which atmospheric CO2 levels can be worked out But although they are sensitive recorders of higher CO2 levels paleosols do poorly below a few hundred ppm In the 1980s came the first method based on plant stomata—little openings that allow CO2 into the leaf where it is fixed into sugars through photosynthesis Plants tend to have fewer stomata when CO2 is plentiful because water also escapes through these pores and plants must guard against losing too much But the number of stomata in each species responds to rising or falling CO2 in its own way When fossil leaves belong to existing plant lineages like ginkgos scientists can estimate ancient CO2 levels based on studies of close contemporary relatives But for extinct species they have to take a best guess And in contrast to paleosols the stomatal technique is insensitive to high CO2 Franks and his colleagues set out to improve it Their leaf gas exchange technique outlined in a 2014 paper in Geophysical Research Letters relies on two key inputs One is a calculation of stomatal density—not only the number but also the size and depth of the stomata in a fossil leaf—which indicates the rate at which gas could pass in or out of the plant The other is an analysis of organic residue in the fossil which contains carbon isotopes that track the ratio of CO2 inside the leaf to that in the atmosphere Together those factors can be parlayed into a reading of the atmospheric CO2 concentration Jennifer McElwain a paleobotanist at University College Dublin and a longtime advocate for the basic stomatal method was initially a critic of the arriviste But she has since come around and is using it alongside older techniques “It is going to be widely adopted and it is going to be a powerful method” she says If the gas exchange technique does end up supplanting the others its lower-than-expected values for ancient CO2 offer a sobering message for the future Climate modelers talk about climate sensitivity—how much the world will warm for a doubling of CO2 from preindustrial values of 280 ppm (With Earth recently passing 400 ppm it is well on its way) Most of the models used in assembling the latest report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change which forecasts climate change and its impacts have sensitivities that cluster around 3°C But these estimates focus on “fast feedbacks”—effects that will quickly amplify small amounts of warming such as the shrinkage of Arctic sea ice and the rise in atmospheric water vapor itself a greenhouse gas They ignore longer term feedbacks like the melting of land-based ice sheets and changes in vegetation which most scientists say will contribute additional warming over decades or centuries “They can’t take into account these large-scale deep-time processes—that’s what we can glean from the geological history” Franks says By revealing lower CO2 levels during ancient warmings he says the gas exchange technique suggests a climate sensitivity closer to 4°C not 3°C It may take several generations for that rise to kick in but history suggests that it is built into the climate system “I do find it worrying” McElwain says “Within 50–100 years the Earth’s surface temperature could rise much higher than we currently anticipate” Still the technique is new and its message is far from definitive This March at a workshop at Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory in Palisades New York the CO2 proxies will square off in a competition of sorts Paleoclimatologists plan to weigh the different proxy techniques and come up with a consensus record of CO2 over the past 66 million years Franks is confident that the gas exchange technique will fare well “There’s little argument that the uncertainty you get from this is improved” he says “I’m not evangelizing for this model I think it will take care of itself” *Correction 4 January 3:38 pm: A previous version of this story incorrectly identified David Beerling as a biochemist He is a biogeochemist

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