Professor examines ethical issues related to global health crisis

first_imgThana Cristina de Campos, adjunct professor of law at the University of Ottawa, spoke on the ethical issues and responsibilities surrounding the global health crisis in Nanovic Hall on Wednesday.Specifically, she discussed forging a new intellectual path to understanding the ethics of the health justice system, striving to find a solution to the most neglected diseases in the world, including Malaria, Zika and Ebola. “I would like to investigate the ethical responsibilities that we have,” De Campos said. Katelyn Valley | The Observer Thana Cristina de Campos, adjunct professor law at the University of Ottawa, lectures about ethical issues facing the pharmaceutical industry in the wake of the global health crisis Wednesday in Nanovic Hall.To do this, she explicated a chapter of her newly published book, titled “The Global Health Crisis: Ethical Responsibilities.” In summarizing her book, she examined the major problems surrounding a long-term solution to the global health crisis. “The problem is two-fold,” de Campo said. “There is an inaccessibility to medical knowledge, and there is an inaccessibility to medical treatment.” Based on this two-sided problem, de Campo questions who holds the largest responsibility for this health crisis. She scrutinized pharmaceutical companies and their property rights. “In the context of the global health crisis, certain responsibilities lie only on pharmaceutical companies … because they are the owners of a special type of property,” de Campos said. The property she refers to is intellectual property, or the medical knowledge, pharmaceutical companies own, but fail to disclose to the public. She proposed that these rights to intellectual property must be altered in order to absolve neglected diseases around the world. “The right to private property pharmaceutical companies hold is limited when tasked with solving this crisis,” de Campo said. In proving this point, De Campo analyzed property rights on a theoretical level, which she translated into concrete terms in order to prove why pharmaceutical companies have an ethical responsibility to disclose certain pieces of vital information about their medical knowledge. “I will begin by exploring the purpose of intellectual property rights and exceptions to these rights,” de Campo said. She accomplishes this by analyzing three diverse schools of thought. By highlighting the views of Thomas Aquinas, John Locke and Robert Nozick, she sets forth three highly regarded, yet alternate, stances about the rights and limitations of property ownership. “While these three intellectual views of property rights differ, I have found a common ground in all of their proposals,” de Campo said. All three perspectives settle on the common agreement that the only exception to releasing an individual’s right of property comes with a catastrophic event that could propagate a need for communal access to this property. “All three arguments agree that a catastrophe could lead to an exception of holding individual property rights,” de Campo said.Utilizing this common ground, de Campo claimed that there are exceptions to pharmaceutical property rights, specifically in the case of a catastrophe. “Certain pharmaceutical property rights are limited in the case of certain public health properties,” de Campo said. “These limitations are shaped by their ethical duty,” de Campo said. Studying events that have been labeled as “catastrophic” in the past, de Campo cites the earthquake and tsunami in Japan in 2011, as well as the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, both resulting in thousands of deaths. “With 2 million deaths, the global health crisis also must qualify as a catastrophe,” de Campo said.De Campo argued that because the global health crisis is a catastrophe, pharmaceutical companies have an ethical responsibility to share their intellectual property and medical knowledge of these diseases. “In the context of this common ground, this means the companies need to disclose only those medical patents vital to controlling or absolving the global health crisis,” de Campo said. She refined her appeal to the pharmaceutical industry by defining their duties for world health as limited and very specific. “I’m not arguing that we should have all access to all medical knowledge, all medical innovation or research … rather that its specific nature helps a specialized portion of the world’s population,” de Campo said.last_img read more

Jol: I can’t defend Sidwell

first_img Press Association The Dutch coach added: “That is the only thing you have to change – to stay on your feet, don’t sell yourself then there is no problem. It is a physical sport, but I can’t defend Steve. “I still feel it was not intentional and in the spirit of the game 30 or 40 years ago they would have said not intentional, that it was a booking, but now – what can he do? They would say (to the referee) at the FA ‘you should have red-carded him’ and you won’t get a match next week.” Fulham have been safe for a few weeks now, but not able to push on into the top 10 despite some promising displays. However, Jol reckons the Cottagers should be proud of their achievements in what is a season of transition. “Believe me, we were so happy to be on 40 points because we have had so many changes in personnel, and to build again, we had a different team,” he said. “Structurally you could say we are a top-10 side, but if you look at other teams, they spent a lot more, like Stoke and Aston Villa. “So I am a happy man that we are 40 points. The only thing is last year we had the same and we picked up so many points in the last month.” Fulham manager Martin Jol believes players must be smarter if they are to avoid being sent off for poorly timed challenges.center_img Cottagers midfielder Steve Sidwell is set to miss the last four games of the Barclays Premier League season after being shown a straight red card by referee Andre Marriner when he cleaned out Arsenal’s Mikel Arteta after 13 minutes on Saturday, in a match the hosts went on to lose 1-0. Sidwell, 30, had only just been available again following suspension for a sliding lunge on QPR’s Armand Traore. Jol feels players can avoid unnecessary dismissals if they just take a second to think before diving in, saying: “You see other players in the Premier League who are not used to the game.” last_img read more

ICC World Cup World Cup 2019: Finch backs Australia to come good under England pressure

first_img For all the Latest Sports News News, ICC World Cup News, Download News Nation Android and iOS Mobile Apps. London: Australia captain Aaron Finch believes his side’s proven ability to handle World Cup pressure will stand them in good stead when they face England in a crunch game on Tuesday. If World Cup holders Australia defeat their arch rivals at Lord’s, it will damage hosts England’s hopes of reaching the semi-finals.England may have been the pre-tournament favourites but they have never won the World Cup, whereas Australia have lifted the trophy five times.ALSO READ | WC 2019: Sensational Shakib keeps Bangladesh in semifinal contention“I think that over the World Cup history, Australia have had a very good history of peaking at the right time,” Finch told reporters at Lord’s on Monday.“Over a lot of that history Australia have played their best cricket under the greatest pressure.“And that’s a good lesson for everyone, the fact that we’ve got six guys in our squad who were part of the 2015 World Cup win is really valuable,” the opening batsman added.“We’re going in with a lot of confidence no doubt, we’ve been playing some really good cricket.“But it’s about the team that holds their nerve the longest and under the highest pressure that will succeed.” Australia’s coaching staff also includes former World Cup winners in Ricky Ponting, a three-time champion and captain of the victorious 2003 and 2007 sides, as well as Brad Haddin, the wicket-keeper in 2015.“We’ve got Ricky Ponting with us, and Brad Haddin, as coaching staff who have won World Cups as well,” said Finch.“So it’s just about the shared experience of what you might feel in a knockout game or a high-pressure game.“Those experienced guys can almost share what you might be feeling, so you can almost be prepared for it before you’re in that situation. That’s invaluable.”However, England captain Eoin Morgan has insisted his side’s defeats by Pakistan and Sri Lanka, did not imply a loss of nerve heading into their concluding group fixtures with Australia, India and New Zealand.“Guys have performed under pressure for a long time, they have performed as favourites in series for the last two years,” said Morgan.“I’ve no questions of us performing under pressure. I don’t think nerves played a part at all.”ALSO READ | Rohit Sharma heavily trolled for wrong hashtag, see some hilarious reactions And Finch expects wounded England to be an even tougher proposition following their shock loss to Sri Lanka last time out.“They tend to bounce back and go ultra aggressive, so we’re ready for that,” said Finch. “We’re expecting them to come out and go ultra-hard.” last_img read more

We Own The Sky

first_imgWe continue our series of superb videos from Captain David Rodrigo, who flies with Avianca Brazil, that take you into the cockpit of an Airbus A320 as never before. The videos are shot using a Go Pro Hero3. In this video you will see stunning thunderstorms lit up be the setting sun, the mighty Amazon River and aircraft flashing by. You will see landing and take-offs from the cockpit from a number of South American cities. To see more videos by Captain Rodrigo go here:

Broadband boost as Eassy hits SA

first_imgAfrica is moving towards a new era ofcheap and reliable broadband connectivity.(Image: Seacom) MEDIA CONTACTS • Pynee ChettyMedia LiaisonTelkom SA Limited+27 12 311 5247 or +27 82 857 [email protected] NkosiThe Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System (Eassy) hit South African shores on 15 February, signalling a significant development in information infrastructure on the continent. It was delivered by the Ile de Batz cable-laying vessel.Eassy’s arrival in the country marked the start of the final phase of installation of the 10 000km high-capacity undersea cable. It will run from Mtunzini in northern KwaZulu-Natal to Port Sudan in the Red Sea to boost internet connectivity in 21 African countries.It will connect the 21 countries to each other and to the rest of the world, providing them with high-speed internet and other international communications services. Eassy will have landing stations in Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Comoros and Madagascar – in addition to Mozambique, South Africa and Sudan where it has already been installed.The project started in 2003 and is due to be up and running by August 2010.With the capacity of 1.4 Terabytes (Tb) per second, Eassy will rival Seacom, a 600m cable that connects Africa with Europe and India and offers bandwidth speed of 1.28Tb per second.All service providers will have equal access to the cable and a uniform bandwidth price.Eassy will ensure that Africa no longer has to rely on expensive international satellite systems for internet connectivity and other data services.It will also service at least 10 landlocked countries in Africa. “An extensive backhaul system linking landlocked countries to the coastal countries has been developed and is in various stages of completion,” according to a statement by Alphonzo Samuels, managing executive for wholesale services at Telkom – one of four South African partners in the project.Samuels said submarine cables were more advanced than satellite systems as they have superior transmission quality and capacity, considerably fewer delays, access to the global optical fibre network, lower unit costs, no electromagnetic interference and greater resistance to adverse weather conditions.“However, activities such as fishing and anchoring, ocean drilling, fish bites and earthquakes constitute some of the commonly known submarine cable hazards,” he added.But various measures have been put in place protect Eassy. “These include conducting ocean bed surveys to select the safest undersea routes; burying the cable in sand where possible, especially at the shallow end; avoiding heavy shipping lanes when approaching landing points; selecting safe beaches, bearing in mind that later beach erosion could expose cables; and designing the shortest land cable route for maximum security,” Samuels said.Eassy has also been designed to last well over 25 years. “It must be emphasised, though, that in the event of submarine cable service interruptions, every attempt is always made to expedite customer services,” he said.Boost for TelkomTelkom is upbeat about the implications of the Eassy project, which is one of its key cable investments. It’s a significant step towards establishing a Telkom fibre-ring around Africa, the telecommunication provider said.“Eassy further increases the robustness of Telkom’s international bandwidth offerings and portfolio. Together with other undersea cables and land-based fibre routes, Eassy creates redundant fibre access prospects into East Africa,” Samuels said.“Redundancy means that we have duplicated equipment at the cable stations, duplicated power converters, generators … therefore, if a single piece of equipment should fail, we have another piece of equipment standing by to take its place.”Telkom’s other cable investments are Columbus3 – providing a link to Southeast Asia, the Middle East and Western Europe; the SAT3/WASC/SAFE – connecting South Africa to West Africa and the Far East; and EIG – the Europe-India Gateway.MTN, Eassy’s largest private operator investor, said the cable’s bandwidth capacity will help it improve its services for users in South Africa, Swaziland, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Uganda, Rwanda and Kenya.“MTN’s capital investment of U$40.3-million [R310.5-million] in Eassy came in addition to the investments made by the company in similar ventures such as the Europe-India Gateway, SAT-3, Main-1 and the West Africa Cable System,” according to a statement by Trevor Martins, MTN Eassy management committee chairperson.“The increased bandwidth that will be available as a result of our investments in these submarine networks will capacitate both these ISPs [internet service providers] and our mobile operations in markets largely serviced by costly satellite bandwidth, thus enabling MTN to open up large-scale access to international broadband to our valued customers,” Martins said.Other operators that have invested in Eassy include South Africa’s Neotel and Vodacom, India’s Bharti Airtel Limited, the Botswana Telecommunications Corporation, Dalkom Somalia, Zambia Telecommunications Company, Zanzibar Telecom and Uganda Telecom.Healthy competitionVodacom, a leading cellular network in South Africa, halved its broadband rates in early February 2010 due to “the increasing competition between undersea cable providers, which in turn creates a sustainable competitive international bandwidth market in South Africa”.The reduction was made possible by the 2009 launch of the Seacom cable, which competes directly with SAT-3 and team cables in the Indian Ocean.Vodacom and all the other service providers are expected to further cut their rates when Eassy becomes operational.“Ultimately, we believe that Eassy will go a long way towards increasing Africa’s bandwidth capacity, affordability and create increased diversity and fibre redundancy between South Africa and Europe as well as within East Africa,” Samuels said.last_img read more

New Instagram Feature Makes Images Straighten Up And Fly Right

first_imgRelated Posts The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technology Tags:#Instagram readwrite Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfacescenter_img Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … Instagram added a “straighten” function to its app, one that auto-corrects photos to the straight and narrow just as you’d expect. The same function also lets users manually rotate and adjust an image as they see fit.To read more about how to use this new feature and how Instagram designed it specifically with an eye toward simplicity, read its blog post here.Image courtesy of Instagramlast_img

Henderson injured against Arsenal

first_imgLiverpool Henderson comes off injured after 10 minutes against Arsenal Ben Valentine Last updated 1 year ago 04:00 12/23/17 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(1) Jordan Henderson Liverpool Getty Images Liverpool Arsenal v Liverpool Arsenal Premier League The Liverpool captain pulled up lame after trying to run down Mesut Ozil and was substituted off moments later Jordan Henderson was forced off due to injury after just 10 minutes of Liverpool’s Friday evening clash with Arsenal.With the game scoreless at the time, the Liverpool captain attempted to chase down Mesut Ozil on an Arsenal counterattack only to pull up lame as he closed the attacker down.Henderson limped on as play continued. He went down on the next stoppage and looked to be grabbing his hamstring. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Lyon treble & England heartbreak: The full story behind Lucy Bronze’s dramatic 2019 Liverpool v Man City is now the league’s biggest rivalry and the bitterness is growing Megan Rapinoe: Born & brilliant in the U.S.A. A Liverpool legend in the making: Behind Virgil van Dijk’s remarkable rise to world’s best player He was replaced by James Milner.Henderson has started 14 of Liverpool’s Premier League games this season, scoring a goal and adding an assist.The Reds captain had been restored to the starting line-up after being rested for Liverpool’s 4-0 win over Bournemouth.Liverpool, who entered the contest in fourth place in the Premier League, have a busy slate of fixtures upcoming.Including the Arsenal constest, the Reds have four games between December 22 and January 1, with dates against Swansea City, Leicester City and Burnley over that span.Jurgen Klopp should have Adam Lallana to call upon, though, after the midfielder made his latest comeback off the bench against Bournemouth. Subscribe to Goal’s Liverpool Correspondent Neil Jones’ weekly email bringing you the best Liverpool FC writing from around the weblast_img read more