Tardigrades are important members of the simple terrestrial ecosystems in the extreme environments in Antarctica. This study provides a baseline description of tardigrade species diversity and distribution pattern within the terrestrial and lake environments of the coastal regions around Syowa Station and the neighbouring inland Sør Rondane Mountains, Dronning Maud Land. We combined data obtained from new and previously described collections and updated data available in the existing literature. We recorded five tardigrade species, three of which (Echiniscus pseudowendti Dastych 1984, Hebesuncus ryani Dastych and Harris 1994, Pseudechiniscus sp.) have not previously been reported from the area, increasing the total recorded tardigrade diversity for this region of continental Antarctica to ten species. The results of our study indicate that tardigrades have been and are major components of the lake environment community in continental Antarctica, with Acutuncus antarcticus (Richters 1904) the most common and dominant species. Our data confirm that the tardigrade species diversity in the vicinity of Syowa Station is very low and suggest potential relationships between individual tardigrade species and terrestrial moss species and depth in freshwater ecosystems.
Widespread Panic brought their show to Pensacola, FL last night for the first of their two-night stand at The Saenger Theatre. To end their first set, the southern gents dusted off “Coconut” from their 1988 album Space Wrangler. Having not played it since Panic En La Playa in January of 2015, a solid 130 shows have passed since the song’s last life.Among the rest of the night’s highlights included covers of Neil Young‘s “Vampire Blues”, Chuck Berry‘s “Let It Rock”, J.J. Cale‘s “Ride Me High”, and Talking Heads‘ “Heaven”. Panic fans were treated to knee-slapping versions of “Heaven, Ribs & Whiskey” and “Street Dogs For Breakfast”, as the night simmered into a “Mercy” extended jam that, with a break on the drums, led into a solid “Fixin’ To Die”. Second set ended with “Pigeons”, marking another stand-out song selection with remarkable placement. The sextet encored with another tour debut, “Vacation”.Thanks to YouTube user coloartist, you can watch the full performance of “Coconut” below:Widespread Panic return to The Saenger Theatre tonight for another sold-out show, then move on to St. Augustine, Florida, for two more nights that will close out the southern leg of this tour.Widespread Panic @ Saenger Theatre in Pensacola, FL 9/20/16:Set 1: Weight of the World, Pleas > Vampire Blues, Pickin’ Up The Pieces > Jam > You Got Yours, Let It Rock, Heroes, Rebirtha > Coconut* (71 mins)Set 2: Ride Me High > Tie Your Shoes > Heaven, Ribs & Whiskey, Street Dogs For Breakfast, Mercy > Drums > Fixin’ To Die, You Should Be Glad, Pigeons (102 mins)Encore: Vacation (11 mins)* LTP 1.25.15 Panic en la Playa (130 shows)[Setlist via PanicStream]
Think ‘Height’ First To start, you need a young potted plant with an unpinched leader (main stem), scissors, stakes, ties and patience. You also want to encourage width and branching at the base of the “head.” Top growth will naturally develop faster, so keep upward growing shoots trimmed back. Turn your plant regularly so each side gets ample light and grows evenly. Feed your topiary every four or five waterings during active growth with a liquid fertilizer for houseplants. The next stage is forming the top of the plant to the desired shape. Before you pinch the growing shoot tip for the first time, think of the finished look you want your plant to have. Consider leaf size and rate of growth. Where do you plan to display your topiary and what kind of container will it live in? You may want to allow the plant to grow even higher. When you’ve determined these, pinch out the tip of the plant to make it bushier. Allow three pairs of branches to develop. Photo: Wayne McLaurin Now comes the real art of topiary. You have to keep in mind the shape you want the plant to take and train the plant through careful tip pinching. Pinch or cut at nodes so new shoots will grow in the direction you want. If the bud is facing outward, the growth will be outward. An inward-facing bud will grow inward. Be Creative, and Have Fun Many herbs can be used for topiary, such as rosemary, lavender and scented geranium, along with bay and sweet myrtle. The herbs you choose will depend on the topiary shapes you want to create. So be creative. And have fun. Pinch With Care But before you start, remember that the growing point or tip of the plant is critical. The plant is going to grow at the tip of each stem. If you pinch it back, the plant will produce side shoots and be bushier. You can “design” what the plant will look like by pinching or not pinching the tips. In the first stage, you want the plant to grow straight up to the desired height. A slow-growing or small-leaf plant should be 8 to 14 inches tall, and a fast-growing or large-leaf plant should be 16 inches to 5 feet tall. Place a stake beside the plant, and tie the plant along it for support. Allow only the tip shoot of the plant to develop by cutting off any side shoots that start to grow. Allow leaves to stay on the trunk of the main stem. Check the ties often to make certain they don’t girdle or injure the growing stem. Check, too, for bugs that like to hide around the ties. The Real Art of Topiary The trunk will elongate a bit as it matures and thickens. Again, be sure to place your plant in adequate light and turn your topiary so it grows evenly. As you become aware of growth habits and observe the results of careful pruning, you’ll be better able to train the topiary to the finished shape you want. We’ve all seen those great plants that have been cut, shaped, trimmed and “babied.” It’s not really hard to get that topiary effect. But it does take time and care. Start now by getting a healthy herb plant with a strong stem. Topiary is the art of trimming and training plants into ornamental shapes. For example, you can grow and train a rosemary plant into a formal standard (the top is a perfect globe held on a single stem).